A Manual of Home Solar Power Management, & Why

For the full free 68pp. file, refer to the Solar Manual PDF and WORD versions,  updated 17.12.09 

 The download speeds will depend on individual ISP and modem capacities.  Broadband and ADSL will, of course, be faster.  




Introduction to the Use of Solar Energy

Simple Solar Economics Graph

Sizing Domestic Solar Systems

Solar Radiation Microbursts

Sizing Tables and Information

Relative Usage Battery Chart

Thumbnail Multipurpose Solar Sizing Equation

Flooded Lead Acid Battery Management Wall Chart

Easy User’s Guide

Battery Maintenance Summary

Notes on Solar Installation and Safety

Installation Check Sheet

Sample Solar Sizing Problem

Managing a Secondhand System

The LEAST You Should Know to Manage a Home Solar Power System

Unanswered Questions

Excerpts re Lead Acid Battery Types and Manufacture

Internet Sites and Useful Books

Appendix 1:  Definition and Nature of FLA Batteries    

Appendix 2:  Fuel Efficiency versus Energy Efficiency

Appendix 3:  Feedback Page, updated 21.03.04

Appendix 4:  Customised Monitreg Data Example,  refer also to  Plasmatronics

Appendix 5:  Australasian and European Solar Maps,  refer also to Advanced Energy Group, at  solar4power                                                                                                                      

Thanks are due, for their interest and support, and their kind consent to initiate mutual hyperlinks, to Homepower and Bill Darden.

Flooded lead acid (FLA) batteries are the principle power storage units utilised for the purposes of this Manual. Other battery types, including lead acid VRLA and AGM, may have differing operating ranges, voltages, chemistry, and/or charge regimes, please see Eaton Powerware 

For all those anywhere in the world interested in alternative energy and climate issues, in particular solar energy generation and storage, and with the foresight and common sense to change their energy technology, this humble Beginner’s Manual is for you, too, and welcome! Whenever a grid goes down, you will at least have lights, radio, TV, computer internet, and telephone, which are now basic essentials in modern living.  This ready energy access will enable keeping  in touch with the rest of the world, (as well as keeping at bay literal and figurative darkness), maintaining that unique facility for maintaining extensive communications which defines, so aptly, the best accomplishments of our modern society.   (See also the Introduction and Appendix 2 in the WORD and PDF versions)


For solar PV information, and  other alternative energy, try these good introductory sites.  The information can also be complemented by utilising their links, and by using key search words in conventional search engines such as Google.

For example, try battery chemistry, solar/battery technical data, deep cycle batteries/care and maintenance, or solar research, solar/battery glossaries, etc.    Glossaries and FAQs usually give good value.   See the Word and PDF versions of the Manual for a useful book list.

Note that some facts may differ, use your judgement, or, suggest cross-checking with other sources. and also check with related conventional texts and dictionaries as you find them.

Internet Sites                                                                                                                                                      Contents return

Accu Oerlikon  (VRLA /AGM battery info)

 Bill Darden (batteries galore!)

CREST  (general info)

CSB Battery   (VRLA/AGM battery info)

Eaton Powerware

ENSO Wrap-Up, SOI Index Graphs  (Pacific El Nino weather forecasts, graphs, and archival data )

Electrochemical Dictionary, Electrochemical Encyclopedia  (extensive relevant definitions and data)

Home Power Magazine   (very interesting and readable monthly periodical, with good archives)

HOMER  (software to aid system planning and sizing)

Independent Power and Light   (general info)   (updated technical advances)

Plasmatronics   (monreg information and example)

PV FAQ  (just what it says, very comprehensive, too)

SANDIA  (good info and research data)

Solar4power   (world solar maps, in colour)

Solar Panel Articles

Shaka Desulphation, InTheLight Desulphation

US Battery Company   (more batteries)

US Department of Energy PV Factsheets  (general info and research data)

WindSun   (general info)

New Scientist   (current Science and energy news, plus archival data)

and any links from all of these.  See also the Useful Books list in the WORD and PDF versions, plus:   

Epitaph for a Planetary Biosphere

Countering Alternative Energy Extant in NZ


**There are other battery types such as nickel-iron and nickel-cadmium which may be utilised for certain stationary backup/solar uses.  Their voltages, charge cycles, and management are different again to lead-acid batteries, and are not described in this particular Manual.**

Main grid voltages vary world-wide, allow for this while Web browsing. This Manual is based on inversion of  DC to 240v/50hz/grid interface and appliances.  Standalone systems may vary from main grid standards, however.

Lead-acid batteries do not have real "memories", only apparent, caused by states and conditions that, if sustained, will lead to serious battery damage, especially resulting in hard crystal formation.

The deeper or more intense the discharge of batteries, the more material stress, and, the shorter their useful working life, even with optimum regulated charging cycles.
Contents return       

Feedback wanted, please! Even the smallest error or ambiguity is important, and new information is always welcome.


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